After the fight for the betterment of the Jamaican people. Norman Manley and Sir Alexander Bustamante were very much instrumental in leading the country to a new type of sovereignty. Under the Universal Adult Suffrage, Jamaica had its first general elections in December 1944.
The West Indies Federation was formed in 1958 and at that time some of the other islands joined with Jamaica in this formation. The aim was for unity amongst the Caribbean people, but this was abolished in 1961, as Jamaicans voted against this Federation of the West Indies and on August 6, 1962, they were granted independence from England. This independence comes with new laws which would govern the people along with its own constitution. Sir Alexander Bustamante was the first Prime Minister after this independence.
This new constitution was said to provide freedom, justice for all and equality for all Jamaicans. Jamaica is still a member of the Commonwealth and the Queen of England the head of the country. Some will question why after all this fight against slavery and gaining independence, the English still has a hold over the island.
That is a question that persons are still asking even now in the year 2009. The Governor General wears the title of head of state, but neither he nor the Queen of England has authority on the administrations in the country.
The system of constitutional democracy forms the Jamaican government. It’s a state with unilateral state and is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations with parliamentary democratic system. The Parliament consists of two houses the Upper House, also called the Senate and the House of Representatives, otherwise known as the Lower House.
Under the universal adult suffrage you have the House of Representatives members been elected and there is five years maximum between the elections in Jamaica. There are currently sixty constituencies with each having a representation by a Member of Parliament. These constituencies are further subdivided and have representatives in the form of Parish Councilor for the Local Government.
The history of Jamaica shows that the introduction of the Local Government from as far back as the years 1662-1663, this period was just after British capture Jamaica from the Spanish in 1655. At this time it was based on the system that existed in England which was the Vestry system, local authorities were governed by a body known as the Vestry. The how the intertwined is very visible as it is very much similar in present today, the Vestries was maintained the churches, supported the clergies and sustained a few roads which was present at this time, offered some help to the poorer class and tried to sustain public order.
The only change that was distinct was in the amount of parishes as during this time only seven existed, this has now changed to a total of fourteen parishes. Some other major developments in the system over decades are:
1. In the year 1923, the city of Kingston and St Andrew was combined to form Kingston and St Andrew Corporation (KSAC).
2. In the year 1947, the Local Government got an extension of the Universal Adult Suffrage.
3. The idioms of chairman, deputy chairman, mayors and deputy mayors unmitigated to run the period of one year with the life of the Council.
The new system of government, to the well thinking and strong minded Jamaicans, there is not much of a transformation and the history of Jamaica based on all the struggles to get independence, there should have been tremendous growth.